Cro-Magnon vs. Neanderthal: What Is the Difference?

By Mike Fishmore | May 14, 2024

Significant find

In 1868, Édouard Lartet, a geologist, made a groundbreaking discovery in a small limestone cave near the French village of Les Eyzies, revealing the ancient origins of modern humans. 

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This significant find was serendipitous, occurring during road construction, leading to the unearthing of four adult skeletons and one infant from the upper Pleistocene era, approximately 30,000 years ago. The excavation site not only indicated the presence of these early humans in Europe but also hinted at their level of sophistication. 

Deliberately interred

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The individuals had been deliberately interred alongside crafted animal teeth and shell ornaments, fashioned into necklaces and pendants. Referred to as Cro-Magnon 1 by the scientists, this name remained associated with these early Homo sapiens until recent times.