30 Famous Historical Mysteries That Continue to Baffle Us

By Jack Ripley | December 11, 2023

Where Is the Lost City Of Atlantis?

This gallery of 30 famous unsolved mysteries from history will bring you across the globe and through the centuries, introducing you to enigmas that have puzzled scholars, intrigued investigators, and captured the public's imagination. From the ghostly murmurs of vanished civilizations to chilling tales of inexplicable events, these mysteries have withstood the onslaught of time, maintaining their veil of secrecy. As you explore, remember: every mystery is a door waiting to be opened, a question yearning for an answer. Will you be the one to solve the unsolvable? Let your journey into the heart of history's greatest mysteries begin...

test article image
(George Grie, Wikimedia Commons)

First mentioned by the philosopher Plato in his dialogues "Timaeus" and "Critias," the fabled city of Atlantis was said to have sunk beneath the waves in a single day of catastrophic earthquakes and floods. So where is Atlantis - if it even exists? The Greek island of Santorini is actually the remnant of a massive volcanic eruption that occurred around 1600 BCE, and some believe that this cataclysmic event, which destroyed the Minoan civilization on nearby Crete, is also what sunk Atlantis - which now would be nearby under the Mediterranean Sea. Others note that underwater structures have been discovered in the Caribbean, suggesting that they could be the ruins of the fabled city. In a more unconventional twist, some researchers suggest that Atlantis may have been located in the heart of the Sahara Desert. The Richat Structure, also known as the "Eye of the Sahara," is a striking geological formation that bears a striking resemblance to Plato's description of the concentric rings of water and land that characterized Atlantis. Lastly, and most probably, is the theory that Atlantis was an invention of Plato. If this is the case, the search for Atlantis is just a wild goose chase. 

Where Is Cleopatra's Tomb?

test article image
(Wikimedia Commons)

Egyptologists and historians have long been enticed by the question: Where is Cleopatra's tomb? Chroniclers of the era suggest that Cleopatra was buried with her lover Mark Antony, but the exact location remains a mystery that has eluded generations of scholars. One popular theory suggests that Cleopatra and Antony could be buried in a temple known as Taposiris Magna, about 45 kilometers west of Alexandria. Over the years, this site has yielded many significant artifacts, including statues, pottery, and jewelry that hint at the presence of royal inhabitants. Led by archaeologist Kathleen Martinez, this site has been extensively excavated, and yet, the tomb of the star-crossed lovers remains elusive. Another potential location is somewhere within the city of Alexandria itself, as this is where Cleopatra reigned. Due to extensive reconstruction, Cleopatra's tomb is hidden here, it could be buried deep beneath the modern city. And so the quest for Cleopatra's tomb continues, fueled by fascination and the allure of one of history's most captivating figures.